Perfect Deer Resistant Trees For New Jersey
No trees are deer proof but you can get close to it with deer resistant trees. Start by choosing plants that deer will not eat unless under dire circumstances. For example, if there is a drought and no other greenery for deer to eat, they will go after just about anything. Another potential issue is if there is deer overpopulation in your area; if there is just not enough food for them to maintain as such they will go after plants they would not normally eat. Rutgers University has a well put together list of deer resistant plants for landscaping your yard.
When it comes to planting trees, as a property owner you need to keep in mind that deer love eating buds, twigs, leaves and bark that are in reach. This stunts growth of trees that are not established. These plantings can even be killed by deer over browsing. After the tree is well over 6 feet tall, deer will have more difficulty eating from the upper branches. Deer will particularly go after trees during winter and spring before there are other food sources available.
Don’t worry, there are options to have the beauty of trees in your yard while having them be resistant to deer damage. Here is a list of 9 deer resistant trees that can all grow in New Jersey:
Top Deer Resistant Trees
Paper Birch, Betula papyrifera:
Beautiful white bark, growing to a height of 50’-70’ at a fast rate, prefers full sun to partial shade.
River Birch, Betula nigra:
Curling off white bark, tolerant to wet soil, grows to 40’-70’, fast growth rate, full sun to partial shade are best.
Red Pine, Pinus resinosa:
Is evergreen, grows best in well-drained soils, can reach up to 120’, very fast growth rate, it does not tolerate shade.
Pawpaw, Asimina triloba:
Produces purple flowers in the spring, grows sweet edible fruit, medium rate of growth, max height of 25’, does not require full sun but will produce less fruit in shade.
Mimosa, Albizia julibrissin:
Tropical looking flowers and fern like leaves, fast growing, likes full sun, grows to about 20’-35’, attracts hummingbirds and butterflies, very wide spread canopy.
Katsura Tree, Cercidiphyllum japonicum:
Typically grows to a height of 40’-60’, likes full sun to partial shade, prefers moist but well-drained soil.
Japanese Black Pine, Pinus thunbergiana:
Evergreen with dark green needles, grows to about 25’-40’, prefers full sun, tolerant of road salt used in winter, likes moist well-drained soil.
Dwarf Alberta Spruce, Picea glauca ‘Conica’:
Cone shaped evergreen, often used for topiary, slow growing rate, likes partial to full sun, prefers moderate moisture and well-drained soil, typical height is between 5’-8’.
American Holly, Ilex opaca:
Evergreen, reaching 40’-50’, slow to medium growth rate, prefers full sun to partial shade, likes well-drained moist soil.
Getting Maximum Protection
The trees listed tend to be left alone by deer more so than any other species. All these can grown in the planting zones around New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. Even the most deer resistant plant is not always safe. It is best to bolster your yard’s protection with other methods to get extra defense. Deer SolutionⓇ deer repellent spray is perfect to up your protection level. Using proven safe ingredients, repel deer from your plants while not harming them or the environment. A professional will come to your property and create a plan customized to your needs. Then they will spray your plants to give them the best protection you can get.